Backup Terms Glossary

This glossary of data backup terms contains specific words and phrases that you may come across while working with computer backup and recovery software. Here you can find definitions of backup terms used on this website and in Handy Backup: everything regarding file backup, image backup, database backup, network backup and much more.

How to Use the Glossary

For convenience in browsing, the glossary has been divided alphabetically and by category. If you are looking for information on the term "AES" or the word "network" simply click the letters "A" or "N" in the alphabet listing and find what you need. To learn definitions from some specific area, click the name of a category below. Short previews of the categories are given after the list of categories.

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Backup Terms Categories

All terms are divided into categories, as follows:

Most popular terms from each category are given below. For more rarely searched words, please go to the respective section, or use the alphabet listing. Also, you can use a search form on the top of the page.

Backup Practices

  • Tower of Hanoi Rotation Schedule
    “ The Tower of Hanoi rotation schedule is a schedule according to which backup media sets are rotated in accordance with a particular rotation...”
  • Lost USB Flash
    “The market for USB flash drives has grown very popular over the past several years. Any computer user can transport files from one computer to...”
  • Grandfather-father-son rotation schedule
    “Grandfather-father-son rotation schedule is the most widely used backup scheme. Currently, Handy Backup does not support the...”
  • USB Password Manager
    “A USB password manager is an application located on USB drive, used to save site login passwords, fill online webforms with them and submit webmail...”
  • 3-2-1 Backup Strategy | The Three Steps of Planning Data Keeping
    “3-2-1 backup strategy is one of the best-known methods to copy data backups. The principles of this strategy are quite simple and perfectly useful in...”
  • Restore My Active Desktop
    “Active Desktop was a technology powered by Windows XP, transfiguring your desktop workspace into the active environment much like a Web page. Due to...”

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Backup Software Features

  • PIM synchronization
    “PIM synchronization on mobile phones is a popular option of backing up important personal data, such as phonebooks, contacts, emails, calendar and...”
  • Span Backup Across Multiple DVDs
    “ Span backup is a process of backing up data that needs splitting. During backing up data users sometimes face with the problem that the file you...”
  • Schedule Backup at Shutdown or Logoff
    “You can manage Handy Backup to run any backup task when log off the computer. This way, the system will perform the selected task before shutting...”
  • HDD Cloning
    “HDD cloning is a process of copying one hard disk drive to another hard disk drive, including partition information, boot sectors, operating systems...”

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Backup Storage

  • Types of Backup Servers: Virtual and Physical Servers
    “ Servers are computers dedicated for storage and operations with data through any type of network. A typical server is a network-attached...”
  • Amazon Glacier Storage for Backup
    “ In addition to the extra-popular cloud service, Amazon S3 cloud, Amazon launched a much cheaper and slower, but as reliable as its faster...”
  • Backup to DVD in Windows 7
    “ Backup movies, photos or entire computer to DVD in Windows 7 requires not much job. Either internal backup tool or every third-party backup...”
  • Local Backup
    “ Local backup - a copy of a file or document. This copy is located on the computers hard disk drive or on the storage is plugged in directly to...”

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Data for Backup

  • Movie Clips
    “Using the computer to watch movie clips and cartoons has lately become very stylish; now, it is considered widely espoused among computer users. The...”
  • Blackberry
    “Blackberry is a wireless handheld mail device which uses the push email function to deliver emails to the end user. Developed by Research In Motion (R...”
  • Types of Backup in Windows Server 2008
    “ Types of backup in Windows Server 2008 includes the VSS service making shadow copies of shared folders and the special Windows 2008 Backup and...”
  • Online Image Backup: a Fine Approach for Disk Imaging
    “Online Image Backup is a complete copy of all hard drive data, which is made on a physical level, with no service interruption. Disk images are...”
  • Google Desktop Backup
    “Google allows you to perform backup desktop data – not a working space where some icons are located, but your entire personal computer, be it...”
  • Save Site Password
    “It means to save your site password to your computer in special file. In future, you do not have to type your username and password every time you...”

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Data Management

  • Root Directory
    “The root directory is the top directory in a file system. The root directory is provided by the operating system and has a special name; for example...”
  • Backup history log
    “Backup history log is a log, containing the information about the backup history. The backup history log is usually written while the backup is being...”
  • Disk Duplication
    “Disk duplication is a process of copying the entire contents, be it data files or audio, of one disk to another. Usually special equipment is used...”
  • Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows
    “ Remote server administration tools is a type of software used for administering different aspects of server from other machine (often called the ...”
  • Disk Compression
    “The notion of disk compression dates from the mid-1980's, when hard drives were very much smaller and, relatively, much more expensive than today. A...”
  • Data Synchronization Definition and Techniques
    “ Data synchronization is the process of data exchange between two or more data sources (folders, drives or so) resulting in...”

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Databases

  • Database Dump
    “Database dump is a text file containing a set of SQL statements that need to be run on an SQL server to create a database with the entire internal...”
  • Primary Key in a Database
    “Primary key is a characteristic of values stored in a database table that allows using these values to uniquely address records to which they belong...”
  • Mysqldump
    “Mysqldump is a free software program that allows performing “logical” MySQL backup by saving its objects into a text file. Originally...”
  • Database Replication
    “Database replication is a process of synchronization in which data added to one database is automatically copied to the other. Replication should not...”
  • Database Storage Engine
    “Database storage engine is a mechanism employed by database management software that defines how it stores and handles data. Different DBMS have...”
  • Shared-Nothing Architecture
    “Shared-nothing architecture (SNA) is a pattern used in distributing computing in which a system is based on multiple self-sufficient nodes that have...”

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Devices to Back Up From

  • Workstation Backup Software
    “Network Workstation Backup Software is a type data protection utility intended to manage a process of backing up a computer hooked to a local...”
  • Using DVD as Backup Media
    “ Using DVD as backup media is almost the obsolete practice in the time of commercial clouds and ever-accessible Internet. Small amounts of data...”
  • CompactFlash backup
    “CompactFlash backup is a backup of data, stored using the CompactFlash interface. Normally, it means a CompactFlash card backup. ”
  • Compact Flash Card Backup
    “ Compact Flash card backup can mean one of two terms: Backup of entire contents of a card, based on the Compact Flash...”
  • CompactFlash card backup
    “CompactFlash card backup is a backup of entire contents of a card, based on the CompactFlash interface. CompactFlash card backup can be done to...”
  • LAN Backup
    “ The LAN backup is a backup performed on one computer and is stored on another remote computer or network-attached device connected to the same...”

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Email Management

  • Microsoft Exchange Troubleshooting Assistant
    “A tool used by Microsoft Exchange for automatic search for data required to troubleshoot the observed symptoms. Also used to collect live tracing...”
  • Exchange Server Settings Backup
    “The term Exchange Server settings is usually used to refer to a set of configuration settings of Microsoft Exchange Server, which include rules of...”
  • Exchange Server Database Backup
    “Exchange Server database is a database stored on MS Exchange Server as a database (.edb) file. It is used to manage all messaging and collaboration...”
  • Quick Backup of Web-Based Mail
    “Mail stored on the online server is exposed to many different kinds of risks such as accidentally deleted message or server malfunctioning. No matter...”
  • Export Outlook Contacts File: Three Ways to Make It
    ““How to export contacts from Outlook” question is very popular today. Why is this so? There is a large number of new devices and...”
  • How to Backup Outlook Contacts
    “There are only 2 ways to backup Outlook contacts: using the built-in Outlook Export option, or special software for backup. First backup strategy:...”

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Encryption

  • Decryption
    “Decryption is a process of decoding encrypted data back to its original form using the same encryption method and most likely the same application...”
  • RC5
    “RC5 is a parameterized algorithm with a variable block size, a variable key size, and a variable number of rounds. Allowable choices for the block...”
  • AES
    “AES, Short for Advanced Encryption Standard, is a symmetric 128-bit block data encryption technique developed by Belgian cryptographers Joan Daemen...”
  • Triple DES
    “Triple DES, also referred to as 3DES, is a mode of the DES encryption algorithm that encrypts data three times. Three 64-bit keys are used, instead...”
  • Cipher
    “Cipher is the generic term used to describe a means of encrypting data. In addition, the term cipher can refer to the encrypted text itself...”
  • Cryptography
    “The subject of cryptography is primarily concerned with maintaining the privacy of communications, and modern methods use a number of techniques to...”

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File Management

  • Self-extracting file
    “Self-extracting file A self-extracting file is a type of file that contains other files that have been compressed (typically through a ZIP program)...”
  • File Compression
    “File compression is being used more frequently. Commonly referred to as 'Zipping' after the most popular compression programs (PKZip, and WinZip)...”
  • Backup history
    “Backup history is a composition of backups, performed during the recent period. It is a good idea to keep the backup history if it turns out that...”
  • File System
    “ The method for storing and retrieving files on a disk. A file system defines the directory structure for keeping track of the files and the path...”
  • Tower of Hanoi backup
    “The Tower of Hanoi backup is a backup, performed according to the Tower of Hanoi rotation schedule. Currently, Handy Backup does not support the...”

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General IT

  • Registry
    “Registry, first initiated in Windows 95, is the central location for program information in subsequent Windows operating systems and applications...”
  • Hard Copy
    “1) In computer graphics and telecommunications, a hard copy is a permanent reproduction, on any media suitable for direct use by a person (in...”
  • Hardware key
    “Also called a "dongle". It is a very effective software copy protection device that plugs into a serial, parallel or USB port on the PC. The...”
  • Device
    “A device is any machine or component that attaches to a computer. Examples of devices include disk drives, printers, mice, and modems. These...”
  • Plain Text
    “Plain text refers to textual data in ASCII format. Plain text is the most portable format because it is supported by nearly every application on...”
  • Windows Registry
    “Windows Registry is a database which stores settings and options for the Microsoft Windows operating system. It contains information and settings for...”

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IT Companies

  • Samsung
    “Samsung, hard drives are products of the Samsung Electronics that is a South Korean Multinational Corporation and one of the world's largest...”
  • Hitachi, Ltd.
    “Hitachi, Ltd. is a Japanese global company headquartered in Marunouchi Itchome, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan. The company forms Hitachi Group (Hitachi...”
  • Seagate Technology
    “Seagate Technology, is a major American manufacturer of hard drives, founded in 1979 and based in Scotts Valley, California. The company is...”
  • International Business Machines Corporation (IBM)
    “International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is a multinational computer technology and consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk, New...”
  • Quantum Corporation
    “Quantum Corporation, was a manufacturer of tape drive products, based in San Jose, California. From its founding in 1980 until 2000, it was also a...”
  • Maxtor Corporation
    “Maxtor Corporation, was an American manufacturer of computer hard disk drives founded in 1982. In 2000 it Purchased Quantum's hard disk line of...”

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Network

  • SSH file transfer protocol
    “SSH File Transfer Protocol, or SFTP, a protocol, allowing to transfer files over the Internet employing SSH-2 protocol. It is based on the RCP...”
  • SSH
    “SSH is both a computer program and an associated network protocol, developed for logging into and executing commands on a network computer and moving...”
  • SSH-2
    “SSH-2 is protocol, an updated variant of SSH. It has better security through introducing the Diffie-Hellman key exchange and strong integrity...”
  • Local Area Network
    “Local area network (or LAN) is a computer network that spans a relatively small area. Most LANs are confined to a single building or group of...”
  • Network Administration
    “A network administration is a group of network management functions that (a) provide support services, (b) ensure that the network is used...”
  • Remote Administration
    “The term "Remote Administration" generally refers to any method of remotely controling a computer. Typically a server, or network workstation...”

More terms from Network...

Program Backup

  • MySQL Backup Table
    “Many people are interested in the question how to make a backup of a single MySQL database table, not the entire database. This backup can be used...”
  • MSN Messenger Backup by Software Means
    “MSN Messenger backup is a copy of data stored in MSN messanger that are kept to be order to roll back to the past in case of a loss or corruption...”
  • What is Oracle RMAN
    “ The RMAN (Recovery Manager) backup program appeared first in Oracle 8 and changed by some minor revisions in version 9 and later. RMAN backup...”
  • SQL Server Data Types
    “Saving SQL server data to another location, user can manipulate with all parts of vital content linked to the particular SQL server instance...”
  • Backup Data MSN
    “MSN data backup is an additional copy of MSN data that can be used to restore the original after a computer crash, a virus, or other event of data...”

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Software

  • Application Configuration
    “Configuration settings that applications generally store on your computer (in text or binary format). Its can be the name of a mail server or the...”
  • Update
    “Update is a minor modification to a program which usually includes trivial improvements to the code, interface and it also may include some issue...”
  • GUI
    “GUI, an abbreviation of Graphical User Interface - pronounced GOO-ee - is a program interface that takes advantage of the computer’s graphics...”
  • Free FTP Client | Online Portable or Installed Software
    “ Free FTP client is a software that you can use for transferring files using FTP protocol. There are different types of clients. What client is best...”
  • Command Line SFTP Client: Purposes and Capabilities
    “Command line SFTP client is a console client utility allowing transferring files via SFTP protocol. Commonly used in Unix-like systems such as...”
  • Scheduler
    “A scheduler is usually a scheme of setting time for an operation. Scheduler allows performing an operation when the user is away from the computer...”

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Storage Management

  • CD rip
    “CD rip is a process of copying the entire contents, be it data files or audio, of one CD to another. Usually special equipment is used, allowing...”
  • Copy Protected DVD
    “Copy protection means of preventing the illegal or unauthorized copying of a software product, especially a preventive routine that is incorporated...”
  • Copy DVD
    “DVD copying is the process of data transferring that involves one or several DVD discs. Similar to any other type of copying, it can be performed for...”
  • Tower of Hanoi rotation
    “The Tower of Hanoi rotation is a rotation, according to which the backup media sets are rotated a particular rotation pattern, as in the Tower of...”
  • Backup rotation
    “Backup rotation is a process of rotating the backup media during the backup process. This is done to allow saving recent backup versions on media...”
  • Grandfather-father-son rotation
    “Grandfather-father-son rotation is the Grandfather-father-son rotation schedule. Currently, Handy Backup does not support the...”

More terms from Storage Management...

Storage Media

  • Reduced Size Multimediacard
    “Like any flash memory card, it can be used to store various types of files, including photos, videos, music, or software. There are two different...”
  • RS MMC
    “The RS-MMC card is approximately half the size of the full MultiMediaCard. Having the same width and thickness, RS-MMC measures 18mm from top to...”
  • Fixed Storage
    “ Fixed storage is an internal media used by a computer to store data, and usually referred to as the Fixed Disks or Hard Drives. Fixed storage...”
  • Multimediacard
    “A MultiMediaCard (MMC) is a tiny memory card that uses flash memory to make storage portable among various devices, such as car navigation systems...”
  • Disk Drive
    “(Or "hard disk drive", "hard drive", "floppy disk drive", "floppy drive") A disk drive is a peripheral device that reads and writes hard disks or...”
  • USB
    “USB is a hardware interface that is used for low-speed peripherals, such as a keyboard, mouse, joystick, scanner, printer, and modem. USB supports...”

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Types of Backup

  • System Backup
    “A system backup is a backup of all system files, which allows restoring the operating system to a working state after a crash. Usually only special...”
  • Cumulative Incremental Backup
    “A cumulative incremental backup is a backup of all data files that have been modified since the last archival backup. Some backup programs employ...”
  • What is an Incremental Backup
    “An incremental backup is a backup in which only the files that have been modified since the last backup are copied. Cumulative backups and...”
  • Total Backup
    “Total backup is a method of computer backup that expects that you don’t perform explicit selection of data, but back up everything without any...”
  • Full Backup
    “A full backup is a copy of all selected files (sometimes most of hard disk files), kept on a different storage media, for use in emergencies. It...”
  • Simple backup
    “A simple backup is the elementary type of files backup. Each time a compressed archive file is created, the new version of backup file replaces the...”

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Uncategorized

  • Open Mobile Alliance
    “OMA is an open forum devoted to mobile applications, specifications and suchlike. OMA was founded in 2002 as an attempt to consolidate numerous...”
  • Secure Sockets Layer
    “Secure Sockets Layer, or SSL, is a protocol that provides a secured communication on the Internet by encrypting the information. It is layered...”
  • Copy right
    “computer programs which create copies of the information on a computer system so that it can be stored separately and used to replace the original...”
  • Backup Domain Controller
    “Backup Domain Controller - One or more computers running Windows NT that act as a backup to the primary domain controller (PDC). These machines can...”
  • Serial Attached SCSI (SAS)
    “Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) , is a computer bus technology primarily designed for transfer of data to and from devices like hard drives, CD-ROM drives...”
  • IDE
    “IDE, is short for Integrated Drive Electronics (more commonly known as ATA) and is a standard interface for IBM compatible hard drives. IDE is...”

More uncategorized glossary terms...

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Term of the Day

  • Backup rotation scheme
    “A backup rotation scheme is a scheme, involving backup media rotation determining various parameters of the backup process. Now nearly every backup...”

Backup Software Glossary

Current glossary explains various terms that you may come across while working with Handy Backup or other backup software.

Handy Backup is a backup utility for Windows Servers and PCs that is famous for its flexibility and ease of use.

The glossary contains 306 terms.

Most Viewed Terms

  • Grandfather-father-son rotation schedule
    “Grandfather-father-son rotation schedule is the most widely used backup scheme. Currently, Handy Backup does not support the...”
  • Backup Data MSN
    “MSN data backup is an additional copy of MSN data that can be used to restore the original after a computer crash, a virus, or other event of data...”
  • Flash USB drive
    “A flash USB drive is a memory storage unit, using its own 'flash' memory type, contrast to magnetic disks used in hard drives, which can be connected...”

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