Backup Terms Glossary

This glossary of data backup terms contains specific words and phrases that you may come across while working with computer backup and recovery software. Here you can find definitions of backup terms used on this website and in Handy Backup: everything regarding file backup, image backup, database backup, network backup and much more.

How to Use the Glossary

For convenience in browsing, the glossary has been divided alphabetically and by category. If you are looking for information on the term "AES" or the word "network" simply click the letters "A" or "N" in the alphabet listing and find what you need. To learn definitions from some specific area, click the name of a category below. Short previews of the categories are given after the list of categories.

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Backup Terms Categories

All terms are divided into categories, as follows:

Most popular terms from each category are given below. For more rarely searched words, please go to the respective section, or use the alphabet listing. Also, you can use a search form on the top of the page.

Backup Practices

  • 3-2-1 Backup Strategy | The Three Steps of Planning Data Keeping
    “ 3-2-1 backup strategy is one of the best-known methods to copy data backups. The principles of 3-2-1 backup are quite simple...”
  • Restore My Active Desktop
    “Active Desktop was a technology powered by Windows XP, transfiguring your desktop workspace into the active environment much like a Web page. Due to...”
  • Round Robin Scheduling Algorithm for Backup
    “A round robin scheduling algorithm is an algorithm, including a rotation of all the objects in a scheme, making sure that every object is engaged in...”
  • USB Password Manager
    “A USB password manager is an application located on USB drive, used to save site login passwords, fill online webforms with them and submit webmail...”
  • Restore Yahoo Messenger
    “It means to restore a backup copy of your yahoo messenger's data and settings. ”
  • Hard Disk Mirroring
    “ Hard disk mirroring is a process of creating an exact synchronized copy of HDD data. Sometimes it is called synchronization, as...”

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Backup Software Features

  • HDD Cloning
    “HDD cloning is a process of copying one hard disk drive to another hard disk drive, including partition information, boot sectors, operating systems...”
  • Schedule Backup at Shutdown or Logoff
    “You can manage Handy Backup to run any backup task when log off the computer. This way, the system will perform the selected task before shutting...”
  • PIM synchronization
    “PIM synchronization on mobile phones is a popular option of backing up important personal data, such as phonebooks, contacts, emails, calendar and...”
  • Span Backup Across Multiple DVDs
    “ Span backup is a process of backing up data that needs splitting. During backing up data users sometimes face with the problem that the file you...”

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Backup Storage

  • Amazon Glacier Storage for Backup
    “ In addition to the extra-popular cloud service, Amazon S3 cloud, Amazon launched a much cheaper and slower, but as reliable as its faster...”
  • Types of Backup Servers: Virtual and Physical Servers
    “ Servers are computers dedicated for storage and operations with data through any type of network. A typical server is a network-attached...”
  • Local Backup
    “ Local backup - a copy of a file or document. This copy is located on the computers hard disk drive or on the storage is plugged in directly to...”
  • Backup to DVD in Windows 7
    “ Backup movies, photos or entire computer to DVD in Windows 7 requires not much job. Either internal backup tool or every third-party backup...”

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Data for Backup

  • Backup Site Password
    “Do a backup copy of saved passwords folder (usually stored by special password manager software like handy password) to be able to recover it in...”
  • Digital Library
    “Currently the composition of an digital library is becoming all the more popular. Really, the use of a computer allows us to replace a large colle...”
  • Disk Image
    “Disk image, also called a disk clone, is an exact copy of a computer's hard drive. The image-based copy includes all the partition information, boot...”
  • Save Site Password
    “It means to save your site password to your computer in special file. In future, you do not have to type your username and password every time you...”
  • Blackberry
    “Blackberry is a wireless handheld mail device which uses the push email function to deliver emails to the end user. Developed by Research In Motion (R...”
  • Digital Pictures
    “Recently digital pictures have begun to obtain a great deal of popularity. Digital cameras are no longer only the means of the wealthy and now...”

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Data Management

  • Root Directory
    “The root directory is the top directory in a file system. The root directory is provided by the operating system and has a special name; for example...”
  • Data Encryption and Methods
    “ Data encryption is an operation with some data structures (e.g. files, folders or databases) turning it into an unreadable...”
  • Backup history log
    “Backup history log is a log, containing the information about the backup history. The backup history log is usually written while the backup is being...”
  • Directory
    “A directory is an organizational unit, or container, used to organize folders and files into a hierarchical structure. Directories contain...”
  • Data duplication
    “Data duplication is a process of creation of an exact copy of data on a different medium. Most data duplication software out there simply lets you...”
  • Copy Prevention
    “A system for preventing the unauthorized reproduction of copyrighted media like movies or music. The DVD format includes both digital and analog...”

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  • Database Architecture Definitions and Terms
    “ Database architecture is a model describing the logic of distribution of database objects throughout the system. It is usually...”
  • Database Dump
    “Database dump is a text file containing a set of SQL statements that need to be run on an SQL server to create a database with the entire internal...”
  • InnoDB: Definition of InnoDB, Target Uses of the InnoDB Storage Engine
    “InnoDB is a data storage engine used by default in MySQL database since version 5.5. It has a strong focus on reliability and performance, and...”
  • Database Replication
    “Database replication is a process of synchronization in which data added to one database is automatically copied to the other. Replication should not...”
  • phpMyAdmin Auto Backup
  • MySQL Login Scripts
    “ MySQL login scripts are vital part of software using MySQL such as websites and forums with dynamic content, business apps based on MySQL...”

More terms from Databases...

Devices to Back Up From

  • Using DVD as Backup Media
    “ Using DVD as backup media is almost the obsolete practice in the time of commercial clouds and ever-accessible Internet. Small amounts of data...”
  • Workstation Backup Software
    “Network Workstation Backup Software is a type data protection utility intended to manage a process of backing up a computer hooked to a local...”
  • CompactFlash card backup
    “CompactFlash card backup is a backup of entire contents of a card, based on the CompactFlash interface. CompactFlash card backup can be done to...”
  • LAN Backup
    “ The LAN backup is a backup performed on one computer and is stored on another remote computer or network-attached device connected to the same...”
  • CompactFlash backup
    “CompactFlash backup is a backup of data, stored using the CompactFlash interface. Normally, it means a CompactFlash card backup. ”
  • Compact Flash Card Backup
    “ Compact Flash card backup can mean one of two terms: Backup of entire contents of a card, based on the Compact Flash...”

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Email Management

  • Microsoft Exchange Troubleshooting Assistant
    “A tool used by Microsoft Exchange for automatic search for data required to troubleshoot the observed symptoms. Also used to collect live tracing...”
  • User Manuals to Protect Your Mail
    “If asked what they think the most important thing about email is, most users would say security without hesitation. And this is true. No matter what...”
  • Backup Outlook File
    “Backup Outlook files means make a backup copy of Outlook files to be able to recover it after a computer crash, a virus or system re-installation. ...”
  • Backup Outlook Express Address Book
    “Backups of Outlook Express address books are created to prevent destruction or corruption of Outlook Express contacts in case of a hardware or...”
  • Exchange Server Calendar Backup
    “Microsoft Exchange Server databases are used to manage user plans through the use of calendars. Calendars provide graphical representation of tasks...”
  • Exchange Server Settings Backup
    “ Exchange Server settings are the group of parameters that tune up a Microsoft Exchange server to work perfectly, such as data...”

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  • Cryptography
    “The subject of cryptography is primarily concerned with maintaining the privacy of communications, and modern methods use a number of techniques to...”
  • AES
    “AES, Short for Advanced Encryption Standard, is a symmetric 128-bit block data encryption technique developed by Belgian cryptographers Joan Daemen...”
  • Public-key encryption
    “Public-key encryption is a special encryption method, employing two passwords instead of one. One is password is given out to public - it is used to...”
  • Decryption
    “Decryption is a process of decoding encrypted data back to its original form using the same encryption method and most likely the same application...”
  • DES
    “DES, Short for Data Encryption Standard, a popular symmetric-key encryption method developed in 1975 and standardized by ANSI in 1981 as ANSI X.3.92...”
  • Cipher
    “Cipher is the generic term used to describe a means of encrypting data. In addition, the term cipher can refer to the encrypted text itself...”

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File Management

  • Self-extracting file
    “Self-extracting file A self-extracting file is a type of file that contains other files that have been compressed (typically through a ZIP program)...”
  • File System
    “ The method for storing and retrieving files on a disk. A file system defines the directory structure for keeping track of the files and the path...”
  • Backup history
    “Backup history is a composition of backups, performed during the recent period. It is a good idea to keep the backup history if it turns out that...”
  • Tower of Hanoi backup
    “The Tower of Hanoi backup is a backup, performed according to the Tower of Hanoi rotation schedule. Currently, Handy Backup does not support the...”
  • File Compression
    “File compression is being used more frequently. Commonly referred to as 'Zipping' after the most popular compression programs (PKZip, and WinZip)...”

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General IT

  • RC4, RC5, RC6 Encryption Algorithms and Software
    “ RC4, RC5 and RC6 are the algorithms of a symmetric encryption. These solutions are different from each other in terms of...”
  • Plain Text
    “Plain text refers to textual data in ASCII format. Plain text is the most portable format because it is supported by nearly every application on...”
  • Device
    “A device is any machine or component that attaches to a computer. Examples of devices include disk drives, printers, mice, and modems. These...”
  • Hardware key
    “Also called a "dongle". It is a very effective software copy protection device that plugs into a serial, parallel or USB port on the PC. The...”
  • CRC
    “CRC, short for cyclic redundancy check, is a common technique for detecting data transmission errors. Transmitted messages are divided into...”
  • Copy Protection
    “A system for preventing the unauthorized reproduction of copyrighted media like movies or music. The DVD format includes both digital and analog...”

More terms from General IT...

IT Companies

  • Seagate Technology
    “Seagate Technology, is a major American manufacturer of hard drives, founded in 1979 and based in Scotts Valley, California. The company is...”
  • Western Digital Corporation
    “Western Digital Corporation , (often abbreviated to WD) is a manufacturer of a large proportion of the world's hard disks, and has a long history in...”
  • Quantum Corporation
    “Quantum Corporation, was a manufacturer of tape drive products, based in San Jose, California. From its founding in 1980 until 2000, it was also a...”
  • Fujitsu
    “Fujitsu is one of hard drive manufacturers. Fujitsu is a Japanese company specializing in semiconductors, computers (supercomputers, personal...”
  • International Business Machines Corporation (IBM)
    “International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is a multinational computer technology and consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk, New...”
  • Hitachi, Ltd.
    “Hitachi, Ltd. is a Japanese global company headquartered in Marunouchi Itchome, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan. The company forms Hitachi Group (Hitachi...”

More terms from IT Companies...


  • FTPS vs SFTP | What’s The Difference?
    “ If you want to solve the practical question, “What is the difference between SFTP and FTPS?”, then this article is for you. What seems...”
  • Backup FTP to Google Drive | How to Transfer Files
    “ Backup FTP to Google Drive can look like a redundancy, but on the practical purposes, it opens many possibilities, such as restoration of website...”
  • WebDAV Protocol
    “WebDAV stands for Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning. It is an extension to the HTTP protocol, that allows numerous users to access and...”
  • WebDAV File Versioning
    “The WebDAV protocol is an extension to the HTTP protocol, allowing numerous authors edit a single document at a time without altering each others...”
  • Local Area Network
    “Local area network (or LAN) is a computer network that spans a relatively small area. Most LANs are confined to a single building or group of...”
  • SSL
    “SSL, or Secure Sockets Layer, is a protocol that provides a secured communication on the Internet by encrypting the information. It is layered...”

More terms from Network...

Program Backup

  • Backup Data MSN
    “MSN data backup is an additional copy of MSN data that can be used to restore the original after a computer crash, a virus, or other event of data...”
  • MySQL Table Backup - How to make a backup of a single database table
    “Many people are interested in the question how to make a backup of a single MySQL database table, not the entire database. This backup can be...”
  • SQL Server Data Types
    “Saving SQL server data to another location, user can manipulate with all parts of vital content linked to the particular SQL server instance...”
  • What is Oracle RMAN
    “ The RMAN (Recovery Manager) backup program appeared first in Oracle 8 and changed by some minor revisions in version 9 and later. RMAN backup...”
  • MSN Messenger Backup by Software Means
    “MSN Messenger backup is a copy of data stored in MSN messanger that are kept to be order to roll back to the past in case of a loss or corruption...”

More terms from Program Backup...


  • Application Settings
    “Configuration settings that applications generally store on your computer (in text or binary format). Its can be the name of a mail server or the...”
  • Dos copy
    “An internal command for making duplicate disk files. The DOS Copy command is widely used in Windows by programmers and power users. COPY TO/FROM...”
  • MS backup
    “An MS backup is an integrated utility, available in Windows, that can backup files. Same as Microsoft backup. ”
  • Dos Restore
    “Backup and Restore are external commands that let you back up your hard disk onto as many floppies as required. Backup and Restore are not widely...”
  • Auto-configuration
    “Auto-configuration is the automatic configuration of devices without manual intervention, without any need for software configuration programs or...”
  • User interface
    “User interface is the way in which a system presents itself to, and interacts with, a human user. In today’s Graphical Windowing environments...”

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Storage Management

  • Copy Protected DVD
    “Copy protection means of preventing the illegal or unauthorized copying of a software product, especially a preventive routine that is incorporated...”
  • CD rip
    “CD rip is a process of copying the entire contents, be it data files or audio, of one CD to another. Usually special equipment is used, allowing...”
  • copy disk
    “1)to produce disk so that it is the same as an original one. 2)Hard disk copy mean a copy of all data files to another place. This process also is...”
  • CD Copy
    “CD copy is a duplicate of data of a CD discs that is stored in a different place. If CD copies are made for the purpose of saving data from loss or...”
  • CD duplication
    “CD duplication is a process of copying the entire contents, be it data files or audio, of one CD to another. Usually special equipment is used...”
  • Grandfather-father-son rotation
    “Grandfather-father-son rotation is the Grandfather-father-son rotation schedule. Currently, Handy Backup does not support the...”

More terms from Storage Management...

Storage Media

  • Optical Disc
    “An optical disc is a storage medium from which data is read and to which it is written by lasers. Optical discs can store much more data -- up to 6...”
  • CD
    “Known by its abbreviation, CD, a Compact Disc is a polycarbonate with one or more metal layers capable of storing digital information. The most...”
  • CompactFlash Card
    “CompactFlash card is a storage device built on the CompactFlash interface. Its storage capacity ranges from 32Mb to 64Gb, and is likely to grow even...”
  • SD Memory Card
    “(Secure Digital Memory Card) A flash memory card that provides storage for digital cameras, cellphones and PDAs. SD Memory Cards use the same 32x24mm...”
  • MMC
    “Like any flash memory card, it can be used to store various types of files, including photos, videos, music, or software. There are two different...”
  • MMC Memory Card
    “A flash memory card that provides storage for cellphones, PDAs and other handheld devices. Introduced in 1997 with a 4MB capacity, the 32x24x1.4mm...”

More terms from Storage Media...

Types of Backup

  • Backup rotation scheme
    “A backup rotation scheme is a scheme, involving backup media rotation determining various parameters of the backup process. Now nearly every backup...”
  • Differential Backup
    “Differential backup is a process of backing up only the files that have changed since the last FULL backup. This backup requires only the most recent...”
  • Serverless Backup Defenition and Benefits
    “Serverless backup is a type of network-based backup which does not call for any resources of main server for performing backup tasks. These are two...”
  • What is an Incremental Backup
    “An incremental backup is a backup in which only the files that have been modified since the last backup are copied. Cumulative backups and...”
  • Total Backup
    “Total backup is a method of computer backup that expects that you don’t perform explicit selection of data, but back up everything without any...”
  • Full Backup
    “A full backup is a copy of all selected files (sometimes most of hard disk files), kept on a different storage media, for use in emergencies. It...”

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  • Copycat
    “1)One that closely imitates or mimics another. Comp. It means Smb who makes illegal copy of smth. 2)someone who copies the words or behavior of...”
  • IDE
    “IDE, is short for Integrated Drive Electronics (more commonly known as ATA) and is a standard interface for IBM compatible hard drives. IDE is...”
  • Serial Attached SCSI (SAS)
    “Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) , is a computer bus technology primarily designed for transfer of data to and from devices like hard drives, CD-ROM drives...”
  • Grandfather-Father-Son Backup
    “ Grandfather-father-son is one of the most widely used backup rotation schedules. According to this backup rotation schedule the backup media...”
  • Socket Flash
    “Flash memory that is housed in a standard chip package and plugs into a socket on the circuit board. A flash BIOS is an example. Contrast with flash...”
  • Secure Sockets Layer
    “Secure Sockets Layer, or SSL, is a protocol that provides a secured communication on the Internet by encrypting the information. It is layered...”

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Term of the Day

  • Flash card
    “A small module that contains flash memory such as a PC Card, CompactFlash, SmartMedia or similar format. Contrast with "socket flash". ”

Backup Software Glossary

Current glossary explains various terms that you may come across while working with Handy Backup or other backup software.

Handy Backup is a backup utility for Windows Servers and PCs that is famous for its flexibility and ease of use.

The glossary contains 255 terms.

Most Viewed Terms

  • Copy DVD
    “DVD copying is the process of data transferring that involves one or several DVD discs. Similar to any other type of copying, it can be performed for...”
  • E-mail Recovery
    “Directing business correspondences with the assistance of e-mail has already become customary for any contemporary business manager. A manager of...”
  • Fujitsu
    “Fujitsu is one of hard drive manufacturers. Fujitsu is a Japanese company specializing in semiconductors, computers (supercomputers, personal...”

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