Backup Terms Glossary

This glossary of data backup terms contains specific words and phrases that you may come across while working with computer backup and recovery software. Here you can find definitions of backup terms used on this website and in Handy Backup: everything regarding file backup, image backup, database backup, network backup and much more.

How to Use the Glossary

For convenience in browsing, the glossary has been divided alphabetically and by category. If you are looking for information on the term "AES" or the word "network" simply click the letters "A" or "N" in the alphabet listing and find what you need. To learn definitions from some specific area, click the name of a category below. Short previews of the categories are given after the list of categories.

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Backup Terms Categories

All terms are divided into categories, as follows:

Most popular terms from each category are given below. For more rarely searched words, please go to the respective section, or use the alphabet listing. Also, you can use a search form on the top of the page.

Backup Practices

  • Backup Computer Strategy
    “Backup computer strategy is a strategy, applied to the backup computer process, regulating various parameters, like how much data is backed up at a...”
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  • Handy Backup Applications
    “Handy Backup can be used in a lot of different spheres of business and technology. You can find the full list of its features at backup features of...”
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  • Restore Setting
    “It means to restore a backup copy of your personal computer configuration settings or application settings. ”
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  • Restore Exchange Server
    “Basically, restoration of Microsoft Exchange server is a procedure of using backed up copy of MS Exchange Server data for restoration of Exchange...”
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  • Restore Data
    “To restore data means to bring it back to a state it had at some past point of time. Data restoration is performed after corruption or loss of...”
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  • Hard drive duplication
    “Hard drive duplication is a process of copying the entire contents, be it system files, data files or any other information, of one hard drive to...”
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Backup Software Features

  • Backup on Logon
    “Backup on logon is a backup operation, started once the user has logged into the system. ”
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  • Auto Backup
    “Backuping data to the disk at periodic intervals without user intervention. This function is useful among backup software. The advantage of an auto...”
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  • Backup on logoff
    “Backup on logoff is a backup operation, performed before user log offs from the system after the user has pressed the "Log off" button. ”
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  • Backup Service
    “Backup services are services that are designed to let users back up files and folders to network storage systems (commonly, via the Internet)...”
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  • Backup Log
    “A backup log is a log where all the information about the backup process is written. It usually shows whether the files were written or not to the...”
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  • Differential Incremental Backup
    “A differential incremental backup is a backup of all data files that have been modified since the last incremental backup or archival backup. Some...”
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Backup Storage

  • Internet Backup
    “The term "Internet backup" can be used to describe two things. Firstly, a copy or a process of copying Internet data, e.g. a website or a web...”
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  • Backup to HDD
    “The easiest way to secure data from loss is to back them up to a separate folder on your HDD, which you won’t touch during everyday work. In...”
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  • Offsite Backup
    “Offsite backup is the most developed and called-for approach to data backup. Being stored offsite, backups are protected from local threats, such as: ...”
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  • Remote Backup | Back up to remote servers
    “Remote backup is a copy of a set of data (important documents, folders, database dumps, etc.) that is not located on the local computer's hard disk...”
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  • Backup to USB
    “By backing up your data to external USB devices, you protect it from several possible sources of data loss at once: User mistake. If you...”
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  • Destination
    “Destination, while in a file context, denotes a place where the data goes when it is moved from one file or storage device to another. Not only it...”
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Data for Backup

  • Web site backup
    “Web site backup is a backup of web site contents from an FTP server. This is mostly done to have a copy of files on a local hard disk to be able to...”
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  • Blackberry
    “Blackberry is a wireless handheld mail device which uses the push email function to deliver emails to the end user. Developed by Research In Motion (R...”
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  • Save Document
    “It means to save a document to your personal computer, writable CD/DVD-ROM drive, floppies, USB drives or other media storage. See also Save...”
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  • Google Desktop Backup
    “Google allows you to perform backup desktop data – not a working space where some icons are located, but your entire personal computer, be it...”
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  • Save Flash
    “ 1)Flash Saving is saving flash movies from Browser. 2)To save all information from flash memory to another device. ”
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  • Disk Image
    “Disk image, also called a disk clone, is an exact copy of a computer's hard drive. The image-based copy includes all the partition information, boot...”
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Data Management

  • Disk Compression
    “The notion of disk compression dates from the mid-1980's, when hard drives were very much smaller and, relatively, much more expensive than today. A...”
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  • Shallow copy
    “A shallow copy is a duplicate reference to some structure, e.g. to a variable, file, folder, or other object. In contrast to a "deep copy" which is...”
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  • Span Backup to DVDs
    “To span backup to DVD means to split the backup data to multiple DVDs, if a backup is too large to store on a single disc. This backup will be called...”
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  • Data Encryption
    “Data encryption is a means of scrambling the data so that is can only be read by the person(s) holding the 'key' - a password of some sort. Without...”
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  • Data duplication
    “Data duplication is a process of creation of an exact copy of data on a different medium. Most data duplication software out there simply lets you...”
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  • Tower of Hanoi - backup rotation schedule
    “Tower of Hanoi is a backup rotation schedule, based on the Tower of Hanoi puzzle. Handy Backup is an easy backup program, but it does not yet...”
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Databases

  • MyISAM: Definition of MyISAM, Target Uses of the MyISAM Storage Engine
    “MyISAM is a storage engine employed by MySQL database that was used by default prior to MySQL version 5.5 (released in December, 2009). It is based...”
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  • Foreign Key
    “Foreign key is a field in a “child” table of a database that is used to refer to a record in a “parent” table of the same...”
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  • phpMyAdmin
    “phpMyAdmin is a free web application that provides a convenient GUI for working with the MySQL database management system. It is the most popular...”
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  • Physical Backup
    “Physical backup is a copy of an application’s binary files that is performed on hard drive level using common file system queries, rather than...”
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  • Mysqldump
    “Mysqldump is a free software program that allows performing “logical” MySQL backup by saving its objects into a text file. Originally...”
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  • Database Storage Engine
    “Database storage engine is a mechanism employed by database management software that defines how it stores and handles data. Different DBMS have...”
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Devices to Back Up From

  • DVD-R Backup
    “The term DVD-R backup can be used either to describe a process of saving backups to a DVD-R disc, or to refer to a backup stored on DVD-R disc...”
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  • LAN Backup
    “ The LAN backup is a backup performed on one computer and is stored on another remote computer or network-attached device connected to the same...”
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  • Disk Backup
    “A disk backup is a backup of entire contents of a hard or a floppy disk (the latter is now rarely used). It also may mean creating an image of the...”
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  • DVD RW Backup
    “A DVD RW backup is a backup saved to a DVD-RW, DVD+RW or DVD-RAM disc. DVD RW discs are ideal for storing backups because they can be updated any...”
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  • CD Backup
    “CD backup is a data copying operation, or a result of an operation, which writes data to a CD. This medium is quite popular, as CDs are now still...”
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  • Net Backup
    “Net backup is backup your important data to another computer of your network. The easiest way to perform network backups is probably to backup you...”
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Email Management

  • Push email
    “Push email is a type of e-mail system which delivers messages to an end user, even if he is not logged on. The push mail system is opposed to pull...”
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  • E-mail Recovery
    “Directing business correspondences with the assistance of e-mail has already become customary for any contemporary business manager. A manager of...”
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  • E-mail Backup
    “Recently the use of e-mail for conducting correspondences became wide-reaching. People realized that it is significantly more convenient to espouse...”
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  • Carbon Copy
    “Carbon Copyis a method of sending a copy of an e-mail to someone, but implying that they are not the direct recipient. For example, you send an...”
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  • Outlook PST file location and backup
    “Outlook pst, or Outlook Personal Storage Table (.pst) is a special format of the file, containing all the information associated with the user’s...”
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  • Quick Backup of Web-Based Mail
    “Mail stored on the online server is exposed to many different kinds of risks such as accidentally deleted message or server malfunctioning. No matter...”
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Encryption

  • Encryption
    “Encryption is translation of data, or plain text, into a secret code, or cipher text. Now every backup program supports encryption, Handy Backup...”
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  • Cipher Text
    “Cipher text is data that has been encrypted. Cipher text is unreadable until it has been converted into plain text (decrypted) with a key. ”
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  • AES
    “AES, Short for Advanced Encryption Standard, is a symmetric 128-bit block data encryption technique developed by Belgian cryptographers Joan Daemen...”
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  • Cipher
    “Cipher is the generic term used to describe a means of encrypting data. In addition, the term cipher can refer to the encrypted text itself...”
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  • DES
    “DES, Short for Data Encryption Standard, a popular symmetric-key encryption method developed in 1975 and standardized by ANSI in 1981 as ANSI X.3.92...”
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  • RC5
    “RC5 is a parameterized algorithm with a variable block size, a variable key size, and a variable number of rounds. Allowable choices for the block...”
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File Management

  • Update files online
    “To update files online means to download the latest version of files from any server on the Internet to a hard disk on a local computer. There are...”
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  • Tower of Hanoi backup
    “The Tower of Hanoi backup is a backup, performed according to the Tower of Hanoi rotation schedule. Currently, Handy Backup does not support the...”
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  • File System
    “ The method for storing and retrieving files on a disk. A file system defines the directory structure for keeping track of the files and the path...”
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  • Backup data files
    “ To "backup data files" means to backup all the documents, or any other files containing important information. A backup of data files can be easily...”
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  • File Save
    “To copy the document, record or image being worked on onto a storage medium. Saving updates the file by writing the data that currently resides in...”
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  • File Replication
    “File replication is a process of copying files from one location to one or more locations for increased safety or performance. This measure can be...”
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General IT

  • Backup Copy
    “ A disk, tape or other machine readable copy of a data or program file. Making backup copies is a discipline most computer users learn the hard...”
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  • Copying Service
    “Copying service noun [U] Computer programs which create copies of the information on a computer system so that it can be stored separately and...”
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  • Plain Text
    “Plain text refers to textual data in ASCII format. Plain text is the most portable format because it is supported by nearly every application on...”
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  • Backup
    “Backup is the activity of copying files or databases so that they will be preserved in case of equipment failure or other catastrophe. Backup is...”
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  • Amazon S3 - Simple Storage Service
    “ The Amazon S3 ("S3" is an acronym for “Simple Storage Service”) is the one of most advanced file-keeping storage services of modern...”
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  • Packed file
    “A packed file is file in a compressed format. Many operating systems and applications contain commands that enable you to pack a file so that it...”
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IT Companies

  • Iomega Corporation
    “The Iomega Corporation , is a supplier of portable computer storage devices and media. The corporation, established in 1980, has 208 employees in...”
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  • Samsung
    “Samsung, hard drives are products of the Samsung Electronics that is a South Korean Multinational Corporation and one of the world's largest...”
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  • Hitachi, Ltd.
    “Hitachi, Ltd. is a Japanese global company headquartered in Marunouchi Itchome, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan. The company forms Hitachi Group (Hitachi...”
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  • Fujitsu
    “Fujitsu is one of hard drive manufacturers. Fujitsu is a Japanese company specializing in semiconductors, computers (supercomputers, personal...”
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  • Quantum Corporation
    “Quantum Corporation, was a manufacturer of tape drive products, based in San Jose, California. From its founding in 1980 until 2000, it was also a...”
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  • International Business Machines Corporation (IBM)
    “International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is a multinational computer technology and consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk, New...”
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Network

  • Backup FTP to Google Drive | How to Transfer Files
    “ Backup FTP to Google Drive can look like a redundancy, but on the practical purposes, it opens many possibilities, such as restoration of website...”
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  • Network
    “Network is a set of computers linked to one another for data sharing, or the link itself. When you connect to an ISP or the Internet, you are...”
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  • Web Administration
    “The Web equivalent of a system administration. Web administration is a system architecting responsible for the overall design and implementation of...”
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  • Network Administration
    “A network administration is a group of network management functions that (a) provide support services, (b) ensure that the network is used...”
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  • Network Computer
    “A network computer is a computer with minimal memory, disk storage and processor power designed to connect to a network, especially the Internet. The...”
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  • DNS
    “DNS, abbreviated from Domain Name System (or Server), is the means by which user friendly Web addresses are translated into arcane IP addresses. The...”
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Program Backup

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Software

  • Software
    “Instructions for the computer. A series of instructions that performs a particular task is called a "program." The two major categories of software...”
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  • Directory Synchronization Software
    “Directory synchronization software is an application or applications designed for the purpose of keeping several folders in sync. Since effective...”
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  • File synchronization tool
    “File synchronization tool is a tool, which performs file synchronization. Handy Backup can do file synchronization. File synchronization tool usually...”
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  • Free FTP Client | Online Portable or Installed Software
    “ Free FTP client is a software that you can use for transferring files using FTP protocol. There are different types of clients. What client is best...”
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  • Scheduler
    “A scheduler is usually a scheme of setting time for an operation. Scheduler allows performing an operation when the user is away from the computer...”
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  • Dos copy
    “An internal command for making duplicate disk files. The DOS Copy command is widely used in Windows by programmers and power users. COPY TO/FROM...”
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Storage Management

  • CD ROM duplication
    “CDROM duplication is a duplication of contents from a single original CDROM to one or more CDROMs. Today's equipment can boost the CDROM...”
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  • Backup rotation
    “Backup rotation is a process of rotating the backup media during the backup process. This is done to allow saving recent backup versions on media...”
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  • Copy Protected DVD
    “Copy protection means of preventing the illegal or unauthorized copying of a software product, especially a preventive routine that is incorporated...”
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  • Tower of Hanoi rotation
    “The Tower of Hanoi rotation is a rotation, according to which the backup media sets are rotated a particular rotation pattern, as in the Tower of...”
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  • copy disk
    “1)to produce disk so that it is the same as an original one. 2)Hard disk copy mean a copy of all data files to another place. This process also is...”
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  • DVD replication
    “ The replication of DVD discs is a process that is different of copying DVD discs. DVD replication final product is a clone or...”
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Storage Media

  • MMC Memory Card
    “A flash memory card that provides storage for cellphones, PDAs and other handheld devices. Introduced in 1997 with a 4MB capacity, the 32x24x1.4mm...”
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  • RS MMC
    “The RS-MMC card is approximately half the size of the full MultiMediaCard. Having the same width and thickness, RS-MMC measures 18mm from top to...”
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  • Fixed Storage
    “ Fixed storage is an internal media used by a computer to store files, data, programs etc, and usually referred to as the Fixed Disks or Hard...”
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  • USB
    “USB is a hardware interface that is used for low-speed peripherals, such as a keyboard, mouse, joystick, scanner, printer, and modem. USB supports...”
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  • SATA
    “SATA, is short for Serial ATA. SATA 1.0 was first released in August 2001 and is a replacement for the Parallel ATA interface used in IBM compatible...”
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  • Microdrive
    “Pioneered by IBM, microdrives are minute hard disks that come in CompactFlash Type II format and typically offer larger storage capacities at a...”
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Types of Backup

  • Full Backup
    “A full backup is a copy of all selected files (sometimes most of hard disk files), kept on a different storage media, for use in emergencies. It...”
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  • Differential Backup
    “Differential backup is a process of backing up only the files that have changed since the last FULL backup. This backup requires only the most recent...”
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  • Round robin schedule
    “A round robin schedule is a schedule, including a rotation of all the objects in the schedule, making sure that every object is engaged in the...”
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  • Total Backup
    “Total backup is a method of computer backup that expects that you don’t perform explicit selection of data, but back up everything without any...”
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  • Image Backup. Hard Disk Drive Imaging.
    “Image backup, also called disk image, or HDD snapshot, is a backup of a hard drive that is created through “sector-by-sector” copying of...”
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  • Cumulative Incremental Backup
    “A cumulative incremental backup is a backup of all data files that have been modified since the last archival backup. Some backup programs employ...”
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Uncategorized

  • Copycat
    “1)One that closely imitates or mimics another. Comp. It means Smb who makes illegal copy of smth. 2)someone who copies the words or behavior of...”
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  • Serial Attached SCSI (SAS)
    “Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) , is a computer bus technology primarily designed for transfer of data to and from devices like hard drives, CD-ROM drives...”
    More about Serial Attached SCSI (SAS)...
  • SCSI (Small Computer System Interface)
    “ SCSI (Small Computer System Interface) , is a set of standards for physically connecting and transferring data between computers and peripheral...”
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  • ATA
    “ATA is short for Advanced Technology Attachment. ATA was first approved May 12, 1994 under the ANSI document number X3.221-1994 and is an interface...”
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  • Open Mobile Alliance
    “OMA is an open forum devoted to mobile applications, specifications and suchlike. OMA was founded in 2002 as an attempt to consolidate numerous...”
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  • Adapter
    “A device that allows one system to connect to and work with another. An adapter is often a simple circuit that converts one set of signals to...”
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If you need a definition of some specific term, but can't find it in this glossary, please contact us at support@handybackup.net and we will update it as soon as possible.

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Backup Software Glossary

Current glossary explains various terms that you may come across while working with Handy Backup or other backup software.

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