Backup Terms Glossary

This glossary of data backup terms contains specific words and phrases that you may come across while working with computer backup and recovery software. Here you can find definitions of backup terms used on this website and in Handy Backup: everything regarding file backup, image backup, database backup, network backup and much more.

How to Use the Glossary

For convenience in browsing, the glossary has been divided alphabetically and by category. If you are looking for information on the term "AES" or the word "network" simply click the letters "A" or "N" in the alphabet listing and find what you need. To learn definitions from some specific area, click the name of a category below. Short previews of the categories are given after the list of categories.

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Backup Terms Categories

All terms are divided into categories, as follows:

Most popular terms from each category are given below. For more rarely searched words, please go to the respective section, or use the alphabet listing. Also, you can use a search form on the top of the page.

Backup Practices

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Backup Software Features

  • Auto Backup
    “Backuping data to the disk at periodic intervals without user intervention. This function is useful among backup software. The advantage of an auto...”
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  • Backup scheduling
    “Backup scheduling is a process of or a notion meaning assigning special time when a backup operation needs to be launched. In this case a backup...”
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  • Span Backup to CD
    “To span backup to CD means to split the backup data to multiple CDs, if a backup is too large to store on a single disc. This backup will be called...”
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  • Directory synchronization
    “Directory (folder) synchronization is a process of synchronizing server directories. Handy Backup is an easy backup program and does not support...”
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  • Backup Service
    “Backup services are services that are designed to let users back up files and folders to network storage systems (commonly, via the Internet)...”
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  • Backup Log
    “A backup log is a log where all the information about the backup process is written. It usually shows whether the files were written or not to the...”
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Backup Storage

  • Data Backup to DVD
    “Data backup to DVD is a process of backing up any data to the DVD media using any type of a backup utility. Since DVD is becoming more pupular, it is...”
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  • Backup Server Types: Virtual and Physical Servers
    “ Servers are computers dedicated for storage and operations with data through any type of network. A typical server is a network-attached...”
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  • Remote Backup
    “Remote backup is one of the most actively developing areas of backup, gaining popularity day by day. Backups stored on remote servers are very...”
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  • Backup Files to DVD
    “DVD discs are cheap, transportable, capacious, and generally very convenient for backup purposes. By recording backups to DVD, you protect data from...”
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  • Amazon Glacier Storage for Backup
    “ In addition to the extra-popular cloud service, Amazon S3 cloud, Amazon launched a much cheaper and slower, but as reliable as its faster...”
    More about ...
  • Internet Backup
    “The term "Internet backup" can be used to describe two things. Firstly, a copy or a process of copying Internet data, e.g. a website or a web...”
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Data for Backup

  • Site Backup
    “To backup site means to copy the files from the FTP server, where the website is located, to a local hard disk or any other device. Usually this is...”
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  • Exchange Server Backup
    “Protection of Exchange Servers is usually the most critical part of security policy of any company that has its IT infrastructure based on Microsoft...”
    More about Exchange Server Backup...
  • Desktop Backup
    “PC Desktop Backup is a functionality of Handy Backup Software. Do a backup copy of desktop to be able to restore your desktop's items after a...”
    More about PC Desktop Backup...
  • Backup Files
    “Backup files are those files which are backed up to high capacity disk drives or a separate disk sub-system, which represent the organisation's...”
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  • Backup from FTP
    “Backup from FTP is a process of copying data for storage from an FTP server to a hard disk on a local computer. This can be done to create a backup...”
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  • Save Desktop Icon(s)
    “It means to save desktop icon(s), that show cabinets, files, folders, and various types of documents (that is, letters, reports, pictures) and icons...”
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Data Management

  • File synchronization between three computers
    “File synchronization between three computers is a process of copying the newest files between the involved computers so that each of them has the...”
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  • Auto Save
    “Saving data to the disk at periodic intervals without user intervention. This function is usefull among automatic backup programs. The advantage of...”
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  • Root Directory
    “The root directory is the top directory in a file system. The root directory is provided by the operating system and has a special name; for example...”
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  • Path
    “In IT systems, path refers to the location of a file or directory on that system. On PCs using MS DOS or Windows, the path is as follows :- driv...”
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  • Disk Compression
    “The notion of disk compression dates from the mid-1980's, when hard drives were very much smaller and, relatively, much more expensive than today. A...”
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  • DataBase Administration
    “Database administration is the process of establishing computerised databases, and insuring their recoverability, integrity, security, availability...”
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Databases

  • Shared-Nothing Architecture
    “Shared-nothing architecture (SNA) is a pattern used in distributing computing in which a system is based on multiple self-sufficient nodes that have...”
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  • Logical Backup
    “Logical backup is a copy of objects used in an application (e.g. database tables), that is made by accessing them through the application’s...”
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  • MySQL Slave Server
    “MySQL Slave Server is a server in MySQL replication configuration that continuously tracks all modifications of the Master Server’s database...”
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  • Mysqldump
    “Mysqldump is a free software program that allows performing “logical” MySQL backup by saving its objects into a text file. Originally...”
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  • MyISAM: Definition of MyISAM, Target Uses of the MyISAM Storage Engine
    “MyISAM is a storage engine employed by MySQL database that was used by default prior to MySQL version 5.5 (released in December, 2009). It is based...”
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  • Foreign Key
    “Foreign key is a field in a “child” table of a database that is used to refer to a record in a “parent” table of the same...”
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Devices to Back Up From

  • CD R Backup
    “CD-R backup is usually a backup having its backup destination set to a CD-R disc. CD-Rs are popular as it inexpensive and can be used to store large...”
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  • DVD RW Backup
    “A DVD RW backup is a backup saved to a DVD-RW, DVD+RW or DVD-RAM disc. DVD RW discs are ideal for storing backups because they can be updated any...”
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  • Network Backup
    “A network backup (LAN backup) is a backup which is created on one computer and is stored on another computer connected to the same network. The...”
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  • Flash USB Backup
    “A Flash USB Drive is a form of hardware, utilizing a unique "flash" memory type less susceptible than its other counterparts employing magnetic...”
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  • FTP Backup
    “An FTP backup is a backup operation, which involves backing up data from a computer to an FTP server. FTP backup can also be referred to as 'remote...”
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  • Cut Copy
    “Site copy is any technical measure designed to create copy of a website somewhere. It is used to prevent site crush. For automatically copying...”
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Email Management

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Encryption

  • AES
    “AES, Short for Advanced Encryption Standard, is a symmetric 128-bit block data encryption technique developed by Belgian cryptographers Joan Daemen...”
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  • DES
    “DES, Short for Data Encryption Standard, a popular symmetric-key encryption method developed in 1975 and standardized by ANSI in 1981 as ANSI X.3.92...”
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  • Triple DES
    “Triple DES, also referred to as 3DES, is a mode of the DES encryption algorithm that encrypts data three times. Three 64-bit keys are used, instead...”
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  • 3DES
    “3DES, also referred to as Triple DES, a mode of the DES encryption algorithm that encrypts data three times. Nowadays backup programs, like Handy...”
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  • Cipher
    “Cipher is the generic term used to describe a means of encrypting data. In addition, the term cipher can refer to the encrypted text itself...”
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  • Cryptography
    “The subject of cryptography is primarily concerned with maintaining the privacy of communications, and modern methods use a number of techniques to...”
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File Management

  • Windows File Synchronization
    “Windows file synchronization is a process of copying Windows files to a different place that results in appearance of two or more identical folders...”
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  • copying files
    “File copying is creation of a new file which has the same content as an existing file. All operating systems include file copying in the user...”
    More about coping files...
  • Self-extracting file
    “Self-extracting file A self-extracting file is a type of file that contains other files that have been compressed (typically through a ZIP program)...”
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  • Duplication
    “Duplication is a process of copying the entire contents of a single medium to one or more media of the same time. Nowadays, special equipment can be...”
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  • File System
    “ The method for storing and retrieving files on a disk. A file system defines the directory structure for keeping track of the files and the path...”
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  • File Synchronization
    “File synchronization, in its simplest form, is automatic copying. Handy Backup supports file and folder synchronization. In the file...”
    More about File synchronization...

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General IT

  • Archive
    “An archive is a long-term data storage (greater than or equal to 1 year). It may also mean the location where long-term data is stored (generally...”
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  • Copying
    “Copying mean to make something so that it resembles an existing thing. Copying is the duplication of information, or an artifact, based only on an...”
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  • Read-only
    “1. A read only disk, file, data, document etc., which can be viewed, possibly copied, but cannot be changed. 2. Read only items are those within a...”
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  • Cut Paste
    “Cut and Paste is about computer text editing. For arheological properties of pastes such as toothpaste or putty, see Paste (rheology). In...”
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  • Error Log
    “An error log records any abnormal activity on application software, usually in simple / plain text (ASCII). Each (main) application generates its own...”
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  • Windows Registry
    “Windows Registry is a database which stores settings and options for the Microsoft Windows operating system. It contains information and settings for...”
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IT Companies

  • Hitachi, Ltd.
    “Hitachi, Ltd. is a Japanese global company headquartered in Marunouchi Itchome, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan. The company forms Hitachi Group (Hitachi...”
    More about Hitachi, Ltd....
  • International Business Machines Corporation (IBM)
    “International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is a multinational computer technology and consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk, New...”
    More about International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) ...
  • Iomega Corporation
    “The Iomega Corporation , is a supplier of portable computer storage devices and media. The corporation, established in 1980, has 208 employees in...”
    More about Iomega Corporation ...
  • Fujitsu
    “Fujitsu is one of hard drive manufacturers. Fujitsu is a Japanese company specializing in semiconductors, computers (supercomputers, personal...”
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  • Maxtor Corporation
    “Maxtor Corporation, was an American manufacturer of computer hard disk drives founded in 1982. In 2000 it Purchased Quantum's hard disk line of...”
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  • Quantum Corporation
    “Quantum Corporation, was a manufacturer of tape drive products, based in San Jose, California. From its founding in 1980 until 2000, it was also a...”
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Network

  • Web Administration
    “The Web equivalent of a system administration. Web administration is a system architecting responsible for the overall design and implementation of...”
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  • SSH file transfer protocol
    “SSH File Transfer Protocol, or SFTP, a protocol, allowing to transfer files over the Internet employing SSH-2 protocol. It is based on the RCP...”
    More about SSH file transfer protocol...
  • SFTP
    “SFTP may mean one of the following: SSH File Transfer Protocol, which a file transfer protocol employing the SSH-2 protocol to secure connection. or...”
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  • Domain Name
    “A domain name identifies the location of an organization or entity on the Internet and, through Domain Name Service translates this to an IP Address...”
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  • Web Administrator
    “The Web equivalent of a system administrator. Web administrators are system architects responsible for the overall design and implementation of an...”
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  • LAN
    “LAN, or a Local Area Network, is a network that connects multiple computers in a relatively small area. Networked computers can easily transfer files...”
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Program Backup

  • Backup SQL Server
    “SQL server backup is used to describe a procedure of backing up SQL servers to a safe location, or the very copy of SQL servers that can be used in...”
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  • Outlook Express Message Backup
    “Do a backup copy of Outlook Express message to a writable CD/DVD-ROM drive, floppies, USB drives and other media storage. You can perform outlook...”
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  • What is Microsoft Outlook Backup
    “Microsoft Outlook backup is a copy of Microsoft Outlook data that can be used to restore your e-mail messages, contacts and other data in case of...”
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  • Outlook Backup
    “An Outlook backup is a copy of data of Microsoft Outlook which is the world’s most popular messaging and collaboration software. Basically...”
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  • Outlook Express Backup
    “An Outlook Express backup is a backup of the Microsoft Outlook Express files. Handy Backup can easily add Outlook Express files to the backup set, ...”
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  • What is Oracle RMAN
    “ The RMAN (Recovery Manager) backup program appeared first in Oracle 8 and changed by some minor revisions in version 9 and later. RMAN backup...”
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Software

  • Dos Restore
    “Backup and Restore are external commands that let you back up your hard disk onto as many floppies as required. Backup and Restore are not widely...”
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  • Copy Utility
    “Data copying utilities are designed to ease or automate copying of data stored on computer hard drive or memory. They may have a variety of features...”
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  • File synchronization utiltiy
    “File synchronization utility is a utility, which performs file synchronization. Handy Backup can do file synchronization. File synchronization...”
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  • Backup program
    “A backup program means an utility, designed especially for backup purposes, like Handy Backup. It can have various features in order to make the...”
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  • Upgrade
    “Upgrade is a process of replacing a version of software or hardware with a newer product release designed to meet new requirements, or generally...”
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  • Outlook Express
    “Outlook Express is Microsoft email managing program. Outlook Express is easy to use and less complex than Outlook. Outlook Express comes with...”
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Storage Management

  • CD ROM duplication
    “CDROM duplication is a duplication of contents from a single original CDROM to one or more CDROMs. Today's equipment can boost the CDROM...”
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  • DVD Duplication
    “DVD duplication is a process of copying the entire contents of a DVD disc (be it data files or audio) to a different DVD disc. This procedure usually...”
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  • DVD replication
    “DVD replication is a process of manufacturing a DVD from scratch using a single original disc. The result of the DVD replication process is a DVD...”
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  • Drive duplication
    “Drive duplication is a process of copying the entire contents, be it system files, data files or any other information, of one drive to another...”
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  • CD duplication
    “CD duplication is a process of copying the entire contents, be it data files or audio, of one CD to another. Usually special equipment is used...”
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  • Tower of Hanoi rotation
    “The Tower of Hanoi rotation is a rotation, according to which the backup media sets are rotated a particular rotation pattern, as in the Tower of...”
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Storage Media

  • Removable hard disk
    “A removable hard disk is a type of disk drive system in which hard disks are enclosed in plastic or metal cartridges so that they can be removed like...”
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  • Compactflash
    “The Memory Stick Duo, which is slightly smaller than the competing Secure Digital format, was developed in response to Sony's need for a smaller...”
    More about Memory Stick Duo...
  • Microdrive
    “Pioneered by IBM, microdrives are minute hard disks that come in CompactFlash Type II format and typically offer larger storage capacities at a...”
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  • Storage media
    “Storage media is any storage device, external, internal, fixed or removable, used for data storage. It can be literally anything one can copy data to...”
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  • Multimediacard
    “A MultiMediaCard (MMC) is a tiny memory card that uses flash memory to make storage portable among various devices, such as car navigation systems...”
    More about Multimediacard...
  • CD
    “Known by its abbreviation, CD, a Compact Disc is a polycarbonate with one or more metal layers capable of storing digital information. The most...”
    More about CD...

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Types of Backup

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Uncategorized

  • Secure Sockets Layer
    “Secure Sockets Layer, or SSL, is a protocol that provides a secured communication on the Internet by encrypting the information. It is layered...”
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  • Open Mobile Alliance
    “OMA is an open forum devoted to mobile applications, specifications and suchlike. OMA was founded in 2002 as an attempt to consolidate numerous...”
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  • Backup Domain Controller
    “Backup Domain Controller - One or more computers running Windows NT that act as a backup to the primary domain controller (PDC). These machines can...”
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  • IDE
    “IDE, is short for Integrated Drive Electronics (more commonly known as ATA) and is a standard interface for IBM compatible hard drives. IDE is...”
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  • PATA
    “PATA, is short for Parallel Advanced Technology Attachment, this abbreviation was introduced for the original ATA interface when SATA had appeared...”
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  • Grandfather-Father-Son Backup
    “ Grandfather-father-son is one of the most widely used backup rotation schedules. According to this backup rotation schedule the backup media...”
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More uncategorized glossary terms...

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Term of the Day

  • Net Backup
    “Net backup is backup your important data to another computer of your network. The easiest way to perform network backups is probably to backup you...”
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Backup Software Glossary

Current glossary explains various terms that you may come across while working with Handy Backup or other backup software.

Handy Backup is a backup utility for Windows Servers and PCs that is famous for its flexibility and ease of use.

The glossary contains 501 terms.

Most Viewed Terms

  • Workstation Backup Software
    “Network Workstation Backup Software is a type data protection utility intended to manage a process of backing up a computer hooked to a local...”
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  • Archive
    “An archive is a long-term data storage (greater than or equal to 1 year). It may also mean the location where long-term data is stored (generally...”
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  • Backup | Restore Data with Handy Backup!
    “The majority of computer users consistently face the risk of losing important data in the result of a system failure in the processes of your...”
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