Backup Terms Glossary

This glossary of data backup terms contains specific words and phrases that you may come across while working with computer backup and recovery software. Here you can find definitions of backup terms used on this website and in Handy Backup: everything regarding file backup, image backup, database backup, network backup and much more.

How to Use the Glossary

For convenience in browsing, the glossary has been divided alphabetically and by category. If you are looking for information on the term "AES" or the word "network" simply click the letters "A" or "N" in the alphabet listing and find what you need. To learn definitions from some specific area, click the name of a category below. Short previews of the categories are given after the list of categories.

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Backup Terms Categories

All terms are divided into categories, as follows:

Most popular terms from each category are given below. For more rarely searched words, please go to the respective section, or use the alphabet listing. Also, you can use a search form on the top of the page.

Backup Practices

  • LAN Free Backup
    “The term LAN free backup is used to describe the process of backing up data without transferring it across LAN or WAN. This approach is highly...”
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  • Restore Yahoo Messenger
    “It means to restore a backup copy of your yahoo messenger's data and settings. ”
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  • Why Do Email Backup
    “People often use a web-based mail service because it is free and allows reading email from any place with an Internet connection. However, there are...”
    More about Why Do Email Backup?...
  • Backup System
    “An abundance of hardware and software solutions for PC backup has a simple explanation: there can't be an ultimate backup system which will suit all...”
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  • Data backup strategy
    “Data backup strategy is a strategy, applied to the backup process, regulating various parameters, like how much data is backed up at a time, how...”
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  • Backup plan
    “A backup plan is a plan, which denotes how often a backup is done and which media is used, according to the backup needs and opportunities. A basic...”
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Backup Software Features

  • Scheduling
    “Scheduling is a process of or a notion meaning assigning special time when an operation needs to be launched. In this case a scheduler is used, which...”
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  • HDD Cloning
    “HDD cloning is a process of copying one hard disk drive to another hard disk drive, including partition information, boot sectors, operating systems...”
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  • Backup on logoff
    “Backup on logoff is a backup operation, performed before user log offs from the system after the user has pressed the "Log off" button. ”
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  • Span Backup to CD
    “To span backup to CD means to split the backup data to multiple CDs, if a backup is too large to store on a single disc. This backup will be called...”
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  • Backup Service
    “Backup services are services that are designed to let users back up files and folders to network storage systems (commonly, via the Internet)...”
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  • Backup scheduler
    “A backup scheduler is a mechanism, allowing a user to schedule his backup operations to previously specified date and time. This enables one to have...”
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Backup Storage

  • Destination
    “Destination, while in a file context, denotes a place where the data goes when it is moved from one file or storage device to another. Not only it...”
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  • Backup to USB
    “By backing up your data to external USB devices, you protect it from several possible sources of data loss at once: User mistake. If you...”
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  • Backup Location
    “A backup location may mean both where the files are physically stored and their accurate location on the medium. Firstly, it is important to choose a...”
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  • Local Backup
    “ A local backup a copy of a file or document that is located on the computers hard disk drive or on the storage is plugged in directly to the...”
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  • Amazon Glacier Storage for Backup
    “ In addition to the extra-popular cloud service, Amazon S3 cloud, Amazon launched a much cheaper and slower, but as reliable as its faster...”
    More about ...
  • Offsite backup
    “An offsite backup is a copy of a file or document that is located in a location other than physical building that your PC is. It is typically a copy...”
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Data for Backup

  • Backup website
    “To backup website means to copy the files from the FTP server, where the website is hosted, to a local hard disk or any other medium. Usually this is...”
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  • Save Desktop
    “It means to save desktop icon(s), that show cabinets, files, folders, and various types of documents (that is, letters, reports, pictures) and icons...”
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  • Save WWW Files
    “Nowadays, almost anyone has a website. But what does one do if the FTP server crashes, some file gets deleted or changed and is not recoverable? How...”
    More about Save WWW Files...
  • System backup
    “Most people deal with data backups simply by copying valuable files to a separate folder on a different HDD, or by burning them to DVD discs. The...”
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  • WWW backup
    “WWW backup is a backup of all files stored in the "WWW" folder on an FTP server. This allows both editing files offline and securing them in case an...”
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  • Save Document
    “It means to save a document to your personal computer, writable CD/DVD-ROM drive, floppies, USB drives or other media storage. See also Save...”
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Data Management

  • Access
    “Access is a process of obtaining data from files or acquiring the use of a device. Access implies an input/output (I/O) operation, and is used as a...”
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  • Data Replication
    “Data replication is a process of copying data from a one site to one or more sites for increased security or performance. It is very much like data...”
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  • Server Administration
    “It is a process whic manage the computer systems in an organization. The responsibilities of a administration often overlap; however, the system...”
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  • Disk Compression
    “The notion of disk compression dates from the mid-1980's, when hard drives were very much smaller and, relatively, much more expensive than today. A...”
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  • Root Directory
    “The root directory is the top directory in a file system. The root directory is provided by the operating system and has a special name; for example...”
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  • File synchronization between three computers
    “File synchronization between three computers is a process of copying the newest files between the involved computers so that each of them has the...”
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Databases

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Devices to Back Up From

  • Cut Copy
    “Site copy is any technical measure designed to create copy of a website somewhere. It is used to prevent site crush. For automatically copying...”
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  • CompactFlash card backup
    “CompactFlash card backup is a backup of entire contents of a card, based on the CompactFlash interface. CompactFlash card backup can be done to...”
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  • CD Backup
    “CD backup is a data copying operation, or a result of an operation, which writes data to a CD. This medium is quite popular, as CDs are now still...”
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  • CD RW Backup
    “A CD RW backup is a backup saved to one or several CD-RW discs. Nowadays, many backup programs, can do a CD-RW backup, as CD-RWs are ideal for...”
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  • Save Files
    “To copy the document, record or image being worked on onto a storage medium. Saving updates the file by writing the data that currently resides in...”
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  • Compact Flash card backup
    “Compact Flash card backup can mean one of two terms: Backup of entire contents of a card, based on the Compact Flash interface. Compact Flash...”
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Email Management

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Encryption

  • Triple DES
    “Triple DES, also referred to as 3DES, is a mode of the DES encryption algorithm that encrypts data three times. Three 64-bit keys are used, instead...”
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  • Cipher Text
    “Cipher text is data that has been encrypted. Cipher text is unreadable until it has been converted into plain text (decrypted) with a key. ”
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  • Encryption Algorithm
    “An encryption algorithm is a mathematical procedure for performing encryption on data. Through the use of an algorithm, information is made into...”
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  • Decryption
    “Decryption is a process of decoding encrypted data back to its original form using the same encryption method and most likely the same application...”
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  • RC4
    “RC4 is a variable key-size stream cipher with byte-oriented operations. The algorithm is based on the use of a random permutation. ”
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  • RC5
    “RC5 is a parameterized algorithm with a variable block size, a variable key size, and a variable number of rounds. Allowable choices for the block...”
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File Management

  • Synchronization
    “Synchronization is coordination with respect to time. Handy Backup supports synchronization of files and folders. When referring to files...”
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  • Backup scheme
    “A backup scheme is a scheme, defining various parametersr of the backup process. Now nearly every backup program can perform to satisfy any backup...”
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  • Update files online
    “To update files online means to download the latest version of files from any server on the Internet to a hard disk on a local computer. There are...”
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  • Tower of Hanoi backup
    “The Tower of Hanoi backup is a backup, performed according to the Tower of Hanoi rotation schedule. Currently, Handy Backup does not support the...”
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  • File Replication
    “File replication is a process of copying files from one location to one or more locations for increased safety or performance. This measure can be...”
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  • File
    “A file is a collection of data or information that has a name, called the filename. Almost all information stored in a computer must be in a file...”
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General IT

  • Hardware key
    “Also called a "dongle". It is a very effective software copy protection device that plugs into a serial, parallel or USB port on the PC. The...”
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  • Key
    “A key, in relation to computer science, is a piece of information that controls the operation of a cryptography algorithm. In encryption, a key...”
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  • Device
    “A device is any machine or component that attaches to a computer. Examples of devices include disk drives, printers, mice, and modems. These...”
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  • Hot swap
    “To pull out a component from a system and plug in a new one while the main power is still on. Also called "hot plug" and "hot insertion," hot swap...”
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  • Registry
    “Registry, first initiated in Windows 95, is the central location for program information in subsequent Windows operating systems and applications...”
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  • Copy Cat
    “1)One that closely imitates or mimics another. Comp. It means Smb who makes illegal copy of smth. 2)someone who copies the words or behavior of...”
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IT Companies

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Network

  • SSL
    “SSL, or Secure Sockets Layer, is a protocol that provides a secured communication on the Internet by encrypting the information. It is layered...”
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  • FTPS
    “FTPS is a standard FTP protocol, which uses SSL/TLS to secure the data connection. It should not to be confused with the SFTP protocol, which is...”
    More about FTPS for Backups...
  • SFTP
    “SFTP may mean one of the following: SSH File Transfer Protocol, which a file transfer protocol employing the SSH-2 protocol to secure connection. or...”
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  • DNS
    “DNS, abbreviated from Domain Name System (or Server), is the means by which user friendly Web addresses are translated into arcane IP addresses. The...”
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  • LAN
    “LAN, or a Local Area Network, is a network that connects multiple computers in a relatively small area. Networked computers can easily transfer files...”
    More about LAN...
  • Web Folder
    “A Web Folder, visible as a disk from the Windows Explorer, is a folder which is connected to a website, allowing one to access the online files...”
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Program Backup

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Software

  • Outlook Express
    “Outlook Express is an email managing program, produced by Microsoft. Outlook Express is easy to use and less complex than Outlook. Handy Backup can...”
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  • File synchronization utiltiy
    “File synchronization utility is a utility, which performs file synchronization. Handy Backup can do file synchronization. File synchronization...”
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  • Upgrade
    “Upgrade is a process of replacing a version of software or hardware with a newer product release designed to meet new requirements, or generally...”
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  • Backup Utility
    “A backup utility is usually a utility, designed especially for backing up and recovering computer data. It can have various features, in order to...”
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  • File synchronization program
    “File synchronization program is a program, which performs file synchronization. You can synchronize files with Handy Backup. File synchronization...”
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  • Windows Operating System
    “A Main Software Arena Windows operating system from Microsoft is a mainstay of modern PC world. Vast majority of PC-type computers uses some...”
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Storage Management

  • CD replication
    “CD replication is a process of manufacturing a CD from scratch using a single original disc. The result of the CD replication process is a CD...”
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  • Copy DVD
    “DVD copying is the process of data transferring that involves one or several DVD discs. Similar to any other type of copying, it can be performed for...”
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  • CD ROM duplication
    “CDROM duplication is a duplication of contents from a single original CDROM to one or more CDROMs. Today's equipment can boost the CDROM...”
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  • DVD replication
    “DVD replication is a process of manufacturing a DVD from scratch using a single original disc. The result of the DVD replication process is a DVD...”
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  • Backup rotation
    “Backup rotation is a process of rotating the backup media during the backup process. This is done to allow saving recent backup versions on media...”
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  • Copy Protected DVD
    “Copy protection means of preventing the illegal or unauthorized copying of a software product, especially a preventive routine that is incorporated...”
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Storage Media

  • SD Memory Card
    “(Secure Digital Memory Card) A flash memory card that provides storage for digital cameras, cellphones and PDAs. SD Memory Cards use the same 32x24mm...”
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  • RS MMC
    “The RS-MMC card is approximately half the size of the full MultiMediaCard. Having the same width and thickness, RS-MMC measures 18mm from top to...”
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  • CompactFlash
    “A flash memory format introduced in 1994 by SanDisk Corporation, Sunnyvale, CA (www.sandisk.com). At 36.4 x 42.8 x 3.3 mm, CompactFlash (CF) cards...”
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  • USB key
    “n. a hardware key connected to a USB port. It used to login user to the enitire computer. Every computer have it's own appropriate keys. It is made...”
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  • FTP server
    “The term FTP server can mean one of two things: Computer responsible for serving any kind of files, via the File Transfer Protocol to FTP...”
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  • Multimediacard
    “A MultiMediaCard (MMC) is a tiny memory card that uses flash memory to make storage portable among various devices, such as car navigation systems...”
    More about Multimediacard...

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Types of Backup

  • Archival Backup
    “An archival backup is a type of backup in which all files are copied to a backup storage device. Archival backups are also called full backup...”
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  • Round robin schedule
    “A round robin schedule is a schedule, including a rotation of all the objects in the schedule, making sure that every object is engaged in the...”
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  • System Backup
    “A system backup is a backup of all system files, which allows restoring the operating system to a working state after a crash. Usually only special...”
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  • Simple backup
    “A simple backup is the elementary type of files backup. Each time a compressed archive file is created, the new version of backup file replaces the...”
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  • Grandfather-father-son backup
    “A Grandfather-father-son backup is a backup according to the most widely used backup rotation schedule Grandfather-father-son. Currently, Handy...”
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  • Serverless Backup: Hardware and Software Solutions
    “Serverless backup is a type of LAN free backup that does not use any of the resources of an application server or a backup server. To see an example...”
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Uncategorized

  • IDE
    “IDE, is short for Integrated Drive Electronics (more commonly known as ATA) and is a standard interface for IBM compatible hard drives. IDE is...”
    More about IDE...
  • Copycat
    “1)One that closely imitates or mimics another. Comp. It means Smb who makes illegal copy of smth. 2)someone who copies the words or behavior of...”
    More about Copycat...
  • Adapter
    “A device that allows one system to connect to and work with another. An adapter is often a simple circuit that converts one set of signals to...”
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  • SCSI (Small Computer System Interface)
    “ SCSI (Small Computer System Interface) , is a set of standards for physically connecting and transferring data between computers and peripheral...”
    More about SCSI (Small Computer System Interface)...
  • Socket Flash
    “Flash memory that is housed in a standard chip package and plugs into a socket on the circuit board. A flash BIOS is an example. Contrast with flash...”
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  • PATA
    “PATA, is short for Parallel Advanced Technology Attachment, this abbreviation was introduced for the original ATA interface when SATA had appeared...”
    More about PATA...

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If you need a definition of some specific term, but can't find it in this glossary, please contact us at support@handybackup.net and we will update it as soon as possible.

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Backup Software Glossary

Current glossary explains various terms that you may come across while working with Handy Backup or other backup software.

Handy Backup is a backup utility for Windows Servers and PCs that is famous for its flexibility and ease of use.

The glossary contains 497 terms.

Most Viewed Terms

  • Disk Duplication
    “Disk duplication is a process of copying the entire contents, be it data files or audio, of one disk to another. Usually special equipment is used...”
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  • File System
    “ The method for storing and retrieving files on a disk. A file system defines the directory structure for keeping track of the files and the path...”
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  • Backup System
    “An abundance of hardware and software solutions for PC backup has a simple explanation: there can't be an ultimate backup system which will suit all...”
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