Backup Terms Glossary

This glossary of data backup terms contains specific words and phrases that you may come across while working with computer backup and recovery software. Here you can find definitions of backup terms used on this website and in Handy Backup: everything regarding file backup, image backup, database backup, network backup and much more.

How to Use the Glossary

For convenience in browsing, the glossary has been divided alphabetically and by category. If you are looking for information on the term "AES" or the word "network" simply click the letters "A" or "N" in the alphabet listing and find what you need. To learn definitions from some specific area, click the name of a category below. Short previews of the categories are given after the list of categories.

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Backup Terms Categories

All terms are divided into categories, as follows:

Most popular terms from each category are given below. For more rarely searched words, please go to the respective section, or use the alphabet listing. Also, you can use a search form on the top of the page.

Backup Practices

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Backup Software Features

  • Auto Backup
    “Backuping data to the disk at periodic intervals without user intervention. This function is useful among backup software. The advantage of an auto...”
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  • Encrypted Backup
    “An encrypted backup is a backup, which was encrypted using one of the encryption algorithms. Handy Backup supports encrypted backup. Encrypted...”
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  • Directory synchronization
    “Directory (folder) synchronization is a process of synchronizing server directories. Handy Backup is an easy backup program and does not support...”
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  • Span Backup to DVD
    “Span backup to DVD is a feature of Handy Backup designed to let users back up large files to DVD discs. Though DVD discs are acknowledged as the most...”
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  • Automatic Backup
    “An automatic backup is possible when a backup software supports scheduling, like Handy Backup for instance. Then a backup runs automatically on a set...”
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  • Backup on logoff
    “Backup on logoff is a backup operation, performed before user log offs from the system after the user has pressed the "Log off" button. ”
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Backup Storage

  • Local Backup
    “ A local backup a copy of a file or document that is located on the computers hard disk drive or on the storage is plugged in directly to the...”
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  • Backup to CD Software
    “CD discs are among the easiest and most convenient media for backups. Let's see the advantages of backing up to CD: CD discs are capacious...”
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  • Backup Server Types: Virtual and Physical Servers
    “ Servers are computers dedicated for storage and operations with data through any type of network. A typical server is a network-attached...”
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  • Offsite backup
    “An offsite backup is a copy of a file or document that is located in a location other than physical building that your PC is. It is typically a copy...”
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  • Backup Destination
    “ A backup destination is a destination, where the selected backup files are backed up to. The destination may vary from a local hard disk, a CD or...”
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  • Offsite Backup
    “Offsite backup is the most developed and called-for approach to data backup. Being stored offsite, backups are protected from local threats, such as: ...”
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Data for Backup

  • Save Data
    “It means to save information, music, software or smth else to the saving device. It is vere usefull to backup your datas. "Saving data to your local...”
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  • Save WWW Files
    “Nowadays, almost anyone has a website. But what does one do if the FTP server crashes, some file gets deleted or changed and is not recoverable? How...”
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  • Backup Exchange 2007
    “Today, Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 is the heart of any Windows Server-based business, it's the latest word in the area of messaging, work...”
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  • File Backup
    “A file backup is a backup operation in which any files, mostly data files, are backed up. ”
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  • Save Attachment
    “Messages that contain the file attachments, in this context we can say that "save attachment" means to save file attached to the massage. There are...”
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  • Digital Library
    “Currently the composition of an digital library is becoming all the more popular. Really, the use of a computer allows us to replace a large colle...”
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Data Management

  • Backup history log
    “Backup history log is a log, containing the information about the backup history. The backup history log is usually written while the backup is being...”
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  • Span Backup to DVDs
    “To span backup to DVD means to split the backup data to multiple DVDs, if a backup is too large to store on a single disc. This backup will be called...”
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  • Back Up
    “The verb to back up is generally used to describe an process of copying data from one place to another, for safety reasons. In case of data loss or...”
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  • Span
    “To span means to split a large volume of data, exceeding a size of a medium, to several media. This is widely used in backup operations, as backups...”
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  • Data Encryption
    “Data encryption is a means of scrambling the data so that is can only be read by the person(s) holding the 'key' - a password of some sort. Without...”
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  • Replication
    “Replication is a process of copying data from one medium to another similar medium to increase security and, sometimes, performance. In terms of...”
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Databases

  • Foreign Key
    “Foreign key is a field in a “child” table of a database that is used to refer to a record in a “parent” table of the same...”
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  • MySQL Replication
    “MySQL replication is an advanced feature of the MySQL DBMS that enables new and modified data from one database (Master) to be automatically copied...”
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  • MySQL Clustering
    “MySQL clustering is a technology that allows distributing the MySQL database across multiple independent nodes, to eliminate every possibility of...”
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  • Mysqldump
    “Mysqldump is a free software program that allows performing “logical” MySQL backup by saving its objects into a text file. Originally...”
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  • Database Storage Engine
    “Database storage engine is a mechanism employed by database management software that defines how it stores and handles data. Different DBMS have...”
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  • Shared-Nothing Architecture
    “Shared-nothing architecture (SNA) is a pattern used in distributing computing in which a system is based on multiple self-sufficient nodes that have...”
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Devices to Back Up From

  • CD Backup
    “CD backup is a data copying operation, or a result of an operation, which writes data to a CD. This medium is quite popular, as CDs are now still...”
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  • USB backup
    “A USB backup is a backup to any USB device, attached to a local computer. USB backup to an external hard disk or a flash USB drive provides both...”
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  • HDD Backup | Hard Drive Disk Backing up
    “Over time, people have developed several approaches hard disk drive backup (HDD backup), and most drive backup products fall into one of two main...”
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  • CompactFlash backup
    “CompactFlash backup is a backup of data, stored using the CompactFlash interface. Normally, it means a CompactFlash card backup. ”
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  • CD RW Backup
    “A CD RW backup is a backup saved to one or several CD-RW discs. Nowadays, many backup programs, can do a CD-RW backup, as CD-RWs are ideal for...”
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  • Net Backup
    “Net backup is backup your important data to another computer of your network. The easiest way to perform network backups is probably to backup you...”
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Email Management

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Encryption

  • Public-key encryption
    “Public-key encryption is a special encryption method, employing two passwords instead of one. One is password is given out to public - it is used to...”
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  • AES
    “AES, Short for Advanced Encryption Standard, is a symmetric 128-bit block data encryption technique developed by Belgian cryptographers Joan Daemen...”
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  • Triple DES
    “Triple DES, also referred to as 3DES, is a mode of the DES encryption algorithm that encrypts data three times. Three 64-bit keys are used, instead...”
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  • RC4
    “RC4 is a variable key-size stream cipher with byte-oriented operations. The algorithm is based on the use of a random permutation. ”
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  • Cipher
    “Cipher is the generic term used to describe a means of encrypting data. In addition, the term cipher can refer to the encrypted text itself...”
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  • RC6
    “RC6 is a block cipher based on RC5. RC6 is a parameterized algorithm where the block size, the key size, and the number of rounds are variable. The...”
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File Management

  • Update files online
    “To update files online means to download the latest version of files from any server on the Internet to a hard disk on a local computer. There are...”
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  • File Copying
    “File copying is creation of a new file which has the same content as an existing file. All operating systems include file copying in the user...”
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  • copying files
    “File copying is creation of a new file which has the same content as an existing file. All operating systems include file copying in the user...”
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  • File Replication
    “File replication is a process of copying files from one location to one or more locations for increased safety or performance. This measure can be...”
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  • File System
    “ The method for storing and retrieving files on a disk. A file system defines the directory structure for keeping track of the files and the path...”
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  • Duplication
    “Duplication is a process of copying the entire contents of a single medium to one or more media of the same time. Nowadays, special equipment can be...”
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General IT

  • Read-only
    “1. A read only disk, file, data, document etc., which can be viewed, possibly copied, but cannot be changed. 2. Read only items are those within a...”
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  • Packed file
    “A packed file is file in a compressed format. Many operating systems and applications contain commands that enable you to pack a file so that it...”
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  • Downtime
    “The time during which a computer is not functioning due to hardware, operating system or application program failure.”
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  • Registry
    “Registry, first initiated in Windows 95, is the central location for program information in subsequent Windows operating systems and applications...”
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  • Archive
    “An archive is a long-term data storage (greater than or equal to 1 year). It may also mean the location where long-term data is stored (generally...”
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  • Root
    “Root is the starting directory on any system. Of course, it is sometimes called "root directory". ”
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IT Companies

  • International Business Machines Corporation (IBM)
    “International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is a multinational computer technology and consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk, New...”
    More about International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) ...
  • Fujitsu
    “Fujitsu is one of hard drive manufacturers. Fujitsu is a Japanese company specializing in semiconductors, computers (supercomputers, personal...”
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  • Iomega Corporation
    “The Iomega Corporation , is a supplier of portable computer storage devices and media. The corporation, established in 1980, has 208 employees in...”
    More about Iomega Corporation ...
  • Western Digital Corporation
    “Western Digital Corporation , (often abbreviated to WD) is a manufacturer of a large proportion of the world's hard disks, and has a long history in...”
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  • Maxtor Corporation
    “Maxtor Corporation, was an American manufacturer of computer hard disk drives founded in 1982. In 2000 it Purchased Quantum's hard disk line of...”
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  • Samsung
    “Samsung, hard drives are products of the Samsung Electronics that is a South Korean Multinational Corporation and one of the world's largest...”
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Network

  • SFTP
    “SFTP may mean one of the following: SSH File Transfer Protocol, which a file transfer protocol employing the SSH-2 protocol to secure connection. or...”
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  • Secure FTP
    “Secure FTP is a protocol, combining FTP and SSH or SSL to secure the connection. Mostly, this secures only the command transfer channel, while file...”
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  • Proxy server
    “A proxy server is a computer server which acts in the place of individual users when connecting to Web sites. The proxy server receives requests from...”
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  • FTPS
    “FTPS is a standard FTP protocol, which uses SSL/TLS to secure the data connection. It should not to be confused with the SFTP protocol, which is...”
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  • WebDAV File Versioning
    “The WebDAV protocol is an extension to the HTTP protocol, allowing numerous authors edit a single document at a time without altering each others...”
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  • Network Computer
    “A network computer is a computer with minimal memory, disk storage and processor power designed to connect to a network, especially the Internet. The...”
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Program Backup

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Software

  • Configuration Settings
    “The settings that can be modified to configure your application, BD, system or server. ”
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  • Synchronization Software
    “Synchronization software is a type of computer applications designed to help users keep two locations in sync. Unlike manual synchronization...”
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  • End User License Agreement
    “    The End User License Agreement - or EULA - is a legally binding contract between the developer or publisher of a software program (...”
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  • Backup Software
    “Backup software is a program or an utility that can perform a backup, Handy Backup, for intsance. Includes a wide range of backup programs...”
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  • Command Line
    “Command line refers to the blinking cursor which, prior to the use of Microsoft WindowsR, is at the heart of all operating systems. In the world of...”
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  • Backup program
    “A backup program means an utility, designed especially for backup purposes, like Handy Backup. It can have various features in order to make the...”
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Storage Management

  • CD replication
    “CD replication is a process of manufacturing a CD from scratch using a single original disc. The result of the CD replication process is a CD...”
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  • CD Copy
    “CD copy is a duplicate of data of a CD discs that is stored in a different place. If CD copies are made for the purpose of saving data from loss or...”
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  • Copy DVD
    “DVD copying is the process of data transferring that involves one or several DVD discs. Similar to any other type of copying, it can be performed for...”
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  • copy disk
    “1)to produce disk so that it is the same as an original one. 2)Hard disk copy mean a copy of all data files to another place. This process also is...”
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  • Disc duplication
    “Disc duplication is a process of copying the entire contents, be it data files or audio, of one disc to another. Usually special equipment is used...”
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  • CD duplication
    “CD duplication is a process of copying the entire contents, be it data files or audio, of one CD to another. Usually special equipment is used...”
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Storage Media

  • Microdrive
    “Pioneered by IBM, microdrives are minute hard disks that come in CompactFlash Type II format and typically offer larger storage capacities at a...”
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  • CompactFlash Card
    “CompactFlash card is a storage device built on the CompactFlash interface. Its storage capacity ranges from 32Mb to 64Gb, and is likely to grow even...”
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  • USB
    “USB is a hardware interface that is used for low-speed peripherals, such as a keyboard, mouse, joystick, scanner, printer, and modem. USB supports...”
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  • RS MMC
    “The RS-MMC card is approximately half the size of the full MultiMediaCard. Having the same width and thickness, RS-MMC measures 18mm from top to...”
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  • Memory Stick
    “Yet another standard, set by Sony but now also manufactured by others such as Lexar Media. The main drawback is that there are fewer cameras using...”
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  • USB key
    “n. a hardware key connected to a USB port. It used to login user to the enitire computer. Every computer have it's own appropriate keys. It is made...”
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Types of Backup

  • Serverless Backup: Hardware and Software Solutions
    “Serverless backup is a type of LAN free backup that does not use any of the resources of an application server or a backup server. To see an example...”
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  • Tar Backup
    “"Tar backup" means to backup your data using tar compression. It is very useful, for example: "by using compression, you can usually store more than...”
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  • Backup rotation scheme
    “A backup rotation scheme is a scheme, involving backup media rotation determining various parameters of the backup process. Now nearly every backup...”
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  • Differential Backup
    “Differential backup is a process of backing up only the files that have changed since the last FULL backup. This backup requires only the most recent...”
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  • System Backup
    “A system backup is a backup of all system files, which allows restoring the operating system to a working state after a crash. Usually only special...”
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  • Cumulative Incremental Backup
    “A cumulative incremental backup is a backup of all data files that have been modified since the last archival backup. Some backup programs employ...”
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Uncategorized

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Backup Software Glossary

Current glossary explains various terms that you may come across while working with Handy Backup or other backup software.

Handy Backup is a backup utility for Windows Servers and PCs that is famous for its flexibility and ease of use.

The glossary contains 497 terms.

Most Viewed Terms

  • Backup Database
    “ is copying database to the disk to prevent it's injuries. This is useful for big and important databases. You can backuping your database to a...”
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  • CompactFlash backup
    “CompactFlash backup is a backup of data, stored using the CompactFlash interface. Normally, it means a CompactFlash card backup. ”
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  • Software
    “Instructions for the computer. A series of instructions that performs a particular task is called a "program." The two major categories of software...”
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